What Is Gingivitis?

What Is Gingivitis?

Posted by STONE DENTAL GROUP on Jan 5 2022, 07:19 AM

Most of us want our teeth to be healthy and white and our smiles to look good. But do we give enough attention to our gums? 

According to the CDC, more than 47% of adults over the age of 30 years suffer from some form of gingivitis. In this article, our team at Stone Dental Group – SE Chicago Dentistry in Chicago, Illinois, shares insights on how you can identify and prevent gingivitis.

What Causes Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. It is a plaque-induced inflammation of the gingiva surrounding the teeth. Plaque forms when the starch and sugar in your foods and drinks interact with oral microbial complexes.

In the absence of a proper oral hygiene routine, this plaque hardens into tartar. It then accumulates around your gums causing inflammation.

Other causes of gingivitis include:

  • Hormonal Imbalances

Studies have demonstrated a direct relationship between hormonal changes and gingivitis. Pregnancy, puberty, menopause make gums more susceptible to gingivitis.

  • Crowded Mouth

Crowded and crooked teeth can be difficult to clean, especially in the spaces between them. This increases the risk of plaque accumulation and can lead to gingivitis.

  • Smoking

According to studies, smoking increases the risk of gingivitis. By causing immunosuppression and oxygen deprivation, smoking not only sets gingivitis in motion but also makes its progression more rapid.

  • Medications

Long-term dependence on drugs used to treat migraines, neurological disorders, angina, and epilepsy can lead to drug-induced gingivitis. Once these medications are discontinued, the symptoms of gingivitis can go away.

Do You Have Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease and has mild symptoms. For this reason, many people don’t even know they have it. 

This makes it essential to visit your dentist for regular oral examinations. Your dentist can easily spot the early warning signs such as tooth sensitivity, bleeding or swollen gums, or bad breath.

How Is Gingivitis Prevented and Treated?

The best way to prevent gingivitis is to prevent plaque from accumulating on your teeth. This means brushing your teeth for 2 minutes twice a day and flossing once a day. Use fluoride toothpaste and replace your brush every 90-120 days.

You must also get a dental checkup at least once every six months. Regular professional dental cleanings are the most efficient way to prevent and reverse early gingivitis. 

For more information on gingivitis and gum diseases, call Stone Dental Group – SE Chicago Dentistry at (773) 880-5080 or visit us at 2845 N Sheridan Rd #914, Chicago, IL 60657.

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2845 N Sheridan Rd #914
Chicago, IL, 60657

Stone Dental Group-SE Chicago Dentistry

2845 N Sheridan Rd #914

Tel: (773) 880-5080

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