When bacteria begin to accumulate along or beneath the gum line, then gum diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis start occurring. It causes gum inflammation, soreness, and also starts bleeding easily due to irritation. By the time, if left untreated, there could be an infection in both gum tissue and the underlying bone, also causing gum recession, deterioration in bone, and tooth loss as well.
What are the causes of gum disease?
Gum disease is caused by building up plaque that stays in the mouth due to improper flossing, brushing, and regular dental checkups. It continues to build up in the mouth, creating toxins that can damage the gums. Periodontal disease forms beneath the gum line, creating small pockets that separate the gums from the teeth. Periodontal disease usually has two stages:
Gingivitis: This is the primary stage of gum disease, in which the gum gets red and swollen, and bleeds easily. During this stage, the disease can be easily treated and sometimes can even get rid of it by daily brushing and flossing.
Periodontitis:If gingivitis isn’t treated at its primary stage, then it can develop into periodontitis. In this, the gums and bone supporting the teeth get irreversibly and severely damaged. When the gums get infected due to periodontitis, it can lead to teeth loss, fall out, or tooth extraction.
What are the types of periodontal surgeries performed?
- There are certain kinds of traditional periodontal surgery. Gingivectomy is usually performed in healthy gums for removing the excess gum tissue, and on the other hand, a gingivoplasty is also performed in healthy gums to reshape them.
- Flap surgery is another common process used in treating periodontitis. During this process, incisions are made into the gum tissue, and the gum is gently lifted back from the tooth to enable removal of tartar and bacteria. A bone graft is usually performed to regenerate and strengthen the bone that is damaged.
- Laser periodontal surgery is an advanced method of removing inflamed and damaged tissue but in a more comfortable way. This surgery is usually recommended for patients who have dental anxiety.
To have a consultation with our dentists, please schedule an online appointment or call us at (773) 880-5080, and we will be happy to help.